Source: Journal of Exercise Science & Physiotherapy
Obesity is defined as a condition in which excess body fat is accumulated. The practical and clinical definition of obesity is based on the Body Mass Index (BMI expressed as weight (in kg)/height (in m2). It is generally agreed that a BMI of greater than 30 is indicative of obesity, while a BMI of 25.0-29.9 is suggestive of overweight in an individual. BMI ranging from 18.5 to 24.99 is considered normal. Obesity is increasing at an alarming rate throughout the world and has become a global problem. Read article >>
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Obesity is a complex health issue to address. Obesity results from a combination of causes and contributing factors, including individual factors such as behavior and genetics. Behaviors can include dietary patterns, physical activity, inactivity, medication use, and other exposures. Additional contributing factors in our society include the food and physical activity environment, education and skills, and food marketing and promotion. Read article >>
Medical Report on localized tissue reduction
Dr. Harry R. Bailey, M.B., B.S., M.A.N.Z.P, D.P.M., (Sydney). M.R. C. PSYCH. (London). Dr. Bailey is the Australian Medical Association Representative to the Standards Association of electro-medical apparatus.
In recent years a number of techniques have been promulgated for the localized, non-surgical reduction of adipose (fatty) tissue. These range from mechanical heating devices, occlusive plastic wraps and garments, to electrical pulse generators which produce repetitive muscular contractions in the affected areas. This apparatus (electrical pulse generator) is an automatically cycling, multiple output, muscle stimulator which produces trains of pulses with variable pulse repetition frequency. The individual pulses are of short duration – 0.5 milliseconds – and of low energy, but at appropriate gain levels the pulse train produce rhythmic and powerful muscular contractions when they are fed to the muscle by skin contact electrodes placed over or near the motor points.
It is claimed that repeated applications of such pulse stimulation produce breakdown of adipose tissue by localized passive exercise of the muscle unit, and so effect a generalized size and weight reduction. The conductive electrodes are placed over those parts of the body (on or near motor points) where muscular contractions are desired, and the gain levels are adjusted so as to produce maximum muscle contractions without discomfort.
Forty patients (female) were given a course of six weeks treatment. The age range of the patients was from 13 to 62 with a mean age of 34 to 35 years.
All forty patients lost weight in significant amounts. Weight losses ranged from 5 pounds to 48 pounds. Twenty patients in the series lost less than 17 pounds, but even in this group significant losses were noted in specific tissue regions such as upper arms, abdomen and particularly in the thighs. All patients showed a reduction in body surface area and all showed localized reductions in fat depot areas. There were no side effects of the treatment, and all patients expressed satisfaction with the weight and tissue losses achieved.
[This treatment] provides a safe and effective modality for localized adipose tissue reduction and general weight removal. This change is brought about by the application of high frequency pulses to muscle motor points at regular intervals. Statistically significant reductions in localized tissue regions and in general body weight occurred in all 40 patients in this series.